Türkiye's performance since 2000 has been impressive. Macroeconomic and fiscal stability were at the heart of its performance, enabling increased employment and incomes and making Türkiye an upper-middle-income country. Poverty incidence halved over 2002–12, and extreme poverty fell even faster. During this time, Türkiye urbanized dramatically, opened up to foreign trade and finance.
The Human Capital Index quantifies the contribution of health and education to the productivity of the next generation of workers. Countries can use it to assess how much income they are foregoing because of human capital gaps, and how much faster they can turn these losses into gains if they act now.